Main ecosystem type: 

Open (dwarf) shrub savannah; perennial grass-shrub matrix in plains, dwarf-shrub communities at pediments, sparsely vegetated hillslopes

Main land use: 

governmental research farm; low grazing by sheep and cattle (and wild ungulates), rotational grazing system

Main degradation driver: 

No degradation as under sustainable land tenure (reference site for Nabaos)

Restoration actions applied: 

One grazing exclosure: six permanent 10 m x 10 m plots inside and outside exclosure. Monitoring of species composition, cover, and growth rates of perennial woody species since 2006 ongoing


Ministry of Agriculture, Water and Rural Development; Municipality of Keetmanshoop; Extension Office Keetmanshoop; Veterinarian Service Keetmanshoop; (Farmer Unions)